The text was originally written in akkadian and the translation provided here is by william h. hallo, who published it in the context of scripture §3.121.

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Below is a translation of the record of a court case from Nuzi, a town east of the Tigris river. The text dates from the 15th or 14th century BCE and reflects its social and economic context. The text was originally written in Akkadian and the translation provided here is by William H. Hallo, who published it in the Context of Scripture §3.121.
Tehip-tilla son of Puhi-shenni went to court before the judges against Taia son of Warad-ahi, (saying): “Taia the oxherd of Tehip-tilla — he injured one ox.” Said Taia: “his fellow(-ox) injured (this) ox out on the range.” But the judges said to Taia: “Bring your witnesses to the effect that his fellow(-ox) injured (him) on the range.” Taia said: “My witnesses are not there.” The judges said: “(It is) you who injured him. Pay the equivalent of the ox.” Tehip- tilla won the lawsuit and (the judges) ordered Taia (to pay) one ox (out) of (his) own herd (or: funds).
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Seal of Shakarakti son of Ar-tirwi
Seal of Ninu-atal son of Arip-asherum? Seal of Tanni-musha son of Imbi-ili Seal of Ba’i-sheri? son of Qabuta? Hand of Ith-apihe the scribe.
For this essay, analyze the above text. Your analysis of the text should show that you are thinking carefully about the basic questions of historical, philosophical, and literary investigation: who? what? when? where? why? how? Consider the following questions before writing up your analysis. What is the genre of the text? Who wrote it? For whom was it written? When was it written? Does the text seem to be based on other source material, such as previous documents or eyewitness testimony, or not? What seems to be the prupose of the text? What is its structure?
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What are its parts? How do the parts relate to the purpose of the whole? What historical inferences can you make from the text? What is claimed? What isn’t claimed? What is assumed or left unspoken? What key terms are used in the text? What seems to be the special meaning of these key terms in context? What can you infer about the social world that made the text? What can you infer about the events, individuals, or groups described in the text? What can we learn from this text about how law was conceptualized and how the legal system functioned in the Late Bronze Age ancient Near East?

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