Regardless of what these companies actually did, recommend the actions that you think they ethically should take going forward.

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You will read the case scenario and answers the questions in a narrative format. Use headings for each question. Headings are not the question.
Learning outcome met by completing this project:
Identify ethical issues that arise in domestic and global business environments using an understanding of ethical concepts and of legal and business principles.
Case Scenario:
The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic required Americans to shelter in place thus causing the U.S. economy to freeze-up, resulting in millions of lost jobs. The U.S. Congress passed legislation to try and limit the economic damage. Included in the legislation was a stimulus package that would give $1,200 to single tax filers making $75,000 or less and $2,400 to married couples making $150,000 or less. The purpose of the payment was to give people emergency funds and to stimulate the economy. Also included was the CARES Act that provided the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP). The PPP was a program administered by the Small Business Administration that was targeted at small businesses. It provided for a government loan that was forgivable if used to pay employees’ salaries and benefits, mortgages, rent, and utilities. According to the SBA website, “[t]he Paycheck Protection Program is a loan designed to provide a direct incentive for small businesses to keep their workers on the payroll.”
USAA is a member-owned organization that provided insurance and financial services exclusively to current and former members of the military as well as their family members. USAA has an excellent reputation as a well-run organization and for giving its members good service. Many USAA members maintain checking accounts with it. Some of those members who have checking accounts had overdrawn their balances and had a negative balance in their accounts. When the $1,200 or $2,400 stimulus check was deposited, USAA used those amounts to offset the negative balances in some of its members’ accounts. Members were not informed in advance that this would be the case. This resulted in some USAA members not having any access to the stimulus money. The action USAA took in crediting the funds to existing account deficits was perfectly legal.
Shake Shack is a corporation that owns and licenses restaurants selling traditional American fare like hamburgers and milk shakes. It currently operates 124 locations in the U.S. and overseas. As of May 4, 2020, the company had a market capitalization of $2.06 billion. The company is publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange. In 2019, Shake Shack’s CEO received $2.3 million in compensation. Shake Shack applied for and received a loan of $10 million under PPP. The loan was permissible under a provision in PPP that allows restaurant chains to apply when each location has fewer than 500 employees. Shortly after Shake Shack received the loan, the PPP ran out of funds and many small businesses did not receive loans.
Small Business Administration. (2020) Retrieved from https://www.sba.gov/funding-programs/loans/coronavirus-relief-options/paycheck-protection-program
Introduction
Write an Introduction paragraph.
The Introduction paragraph is the first paragraph of the paper and will be used to describe to the reader the intent of the paper explaining the main points covered in the paper. This intent should be understood prior to reading the remainder of the paper so the reader knows exactly what is being covered in the paper.
Consider writing the introduction last to ensure that all of the main points are covered.
Ethical Issue(s)
Identify and discuss the ethical issue(s) related to USAA and Shake Shack.
Stakeholders Implications
Identify the stakeholders involved in the actions of both companies.
Discuss the potential implications of the company’s actions on each stakeholder or stakeholder group. Give examples.
Utilitarianism Viewpoint
Explain how a utilitarian would view USAA and Shake Shack’s actions.
Rights and Duties Viewpoint
Explain how the actions of both USAA and Shake Shack would be viewed under the theory of Rights and Duties.
Fairness and Justice Viewpoint
Explain how the actions of both USAA and Shake Shack would be viewed under the theory of Fairness and Justice
Recommended Actions
Regardless of what these companies actually did, recommend the actions that you think they ethically should take going forward. This is not about what they should have done in the past, but rather speak to actions they should take now having done what they did. There is no right or wrong action, but rather it is about supporting the actions you choose from your ethical arguments.
Conclusion
Write a concluding paragraph that is brief and summarizes the main points. Provide specific information related to the major topics discussed in the paper.

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